By Toshihiko Hara. Springer, 2015.
Shrinking and ageing population is a new phenomenon emerging in the twenty-first century. Many well-developed countries are faced with this developments. In this respect, Japan is often mentioned as a textbook example: excessive ageing and shrinking population are reality and prediction for the future. As such it is a very interesting case study for the analysis of the impacts on society and a model for the future of other countries experiencing or anticipating similar demographic situation.
This book offers the historical context of the aging and shrinking of Japan’s population. It provides an analysis of the population prospects, potential support rate changes and fertility decline. Special attention is paid to the total fertility rate. Author argues replacement fertility level needs to be recovered by political interventions. Without this ‘Clear and Present Danger of a shrinking society could not be avoid fundamentally’. In the light of post-demographic transition, author also analyses policy measures: national finances, social security reform, family policies, immigration policies and community policies. Finally, impact of the population development on the sustainability of Japanese society is explored.
- Introduction: The Demographic Impacts from the Great East Japan Earthquake
- Population Prospects in Japanese Society
- Demographic Transition and Child/Elderly Care Cost
- Historical Process and Background of Fertility Decline in Japan
- Sustainability of Japan as a Shrinking Society
- Policy Measures for a Shrinking Society
- Epilogue: The Principle of the Sustainable Population
Available from: www.springer.com